1. How does Paul explain in Romans 10:5-8 that Christ is the “end of the Law for righteousness to everyone who believes” (Romans 10:4)?He means that when we place our faith and our trust in Christ Jesus, we stop looking at the Law as a means to gain right-standing with God (that was never the reason for the Law in the first place).  Paul wrote in Romans 10:5 that Moses says if a person could perfectly fulfill the Law, they could find eternal life.  However, this is impossible because we are born into sin and are naturally bent towards sin (Eph. 2:1-4).  But remember 2 Corinthians 5:21?  Jesus knew no sin, meaning that He perfectly fulfilled the Law in His life.  Stated positively, He accomplished perfect righteousness ON OUR BEHALF.  Therefore, all we must do is believe in His perfect work, receive it as our own, and then we are saved.
  2. In verses 6-7, Paul says that saving faith does not try to bring Christ down from heaven or bring Christ up from the grave.  Because these tasks are distinctly impossible for human beings to accomplish, what is Paul trying to show us about faith in regards to Christ’s work?He means that we cannot add to the works of Christ AT ALL.  It is impossible for us to live perfectly according to the Law (Romans 3:20).  In the same manner, it is impossible for us to go and retrieve salvation for ourselves.  Being saved from wrath, delivered from death, freed from condemnation, and born again into the family of God is not some distant, unreachable concept.  This is the truth Paul is seeking to convey by using terms such as “heaven” or “the grave”.  These are places we cannot go.  Therefore, if we are ever to draw near to salvation through Christ, He must come to us.  True, saving faith trusts in His perfect work and does not seek to add to it.
  3. Take a moment to read Ephesians 2:8-9 (another passage where Paul speaks about faith).  What is the purpose of God designing salvation to be received be faith? (Hint: it is “so that no one may ________”) God designed salvation to be received by faith, so that no one may BOAST.  If someone could earn salvation from God, they would have every reason to boast.  However, since salvation has been accomplished by Jesus alone and faith is the only response, true salvation brings humility, not boasting.
  4. According to Romans 10:12, this saving faith is not just available to one specific group of people (i.e., the Jews).  What is it about “faith” (as opposed to the Law), that makes it universally accessible?The Law was given to the Jews in the Old Testament (see the books of Leviticus and Deuteronomy).  In order to be in the people of God under the Old Covenant, a person had to change their nationality, religion, family, and location.  In doing so, they were seen as obedient to the Law of God by nature of their position in the people of God.  This caused salvation to be perceived as a particularly Jewish ritual.  However, because of sin, the racial and national divisions between Jews (God’s chosen people) and Gentiles (the rest of the world) keep the messages about the character of God from going forth.  However, the message of faith that Paul proclaimed did not require forsaking your identity.  The message of faith can be freely received by anyone, anywhere, at any time.
  5. Read Romans 10:13 and then compare it to Matthew 7:21.  What is the difference in the “calling on the Lord” in these verses that makes one saving faith and one not saving faith?  (Hint: You might need to read Matthew 7:15-23 to get the context) In Romans 10:13, Paul makes it clear that everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.  This is in the context of receiving the provision of God’s righteousness in Christ BY FAITH.  Anyone who calls upon the name of the Lord in faith will be fully redeemed from the curse of the Law (compare further Galatians 3:10-14).  The difference between the people in Romans 10 and Matthew 7 is that the people in Romans 10 POSSESS faith along with their PROFESSION of faith.  Those in Matthew 7 are simply PROFESSING WITHOUT POSSESSING.  They are giving lip service to the King of kings while remaining unconverted in their hearts.

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